Many people who have a Pap smear notice light bleeding, or spotting, for a couple of days after the test. In most cases, this is not a cause for concern, and it usually goes away without intervention. This symptom may occur because the Pap smear can irritate the blood vessels of the cervix, which causes
Salpingectomy is the surgical removal of one or both fallopian tubes. These tubes provide a pathway for an egg to travel from an ovary to the uterus, where it may be fertilized. A doctor may recommend a salpingectomy for various reasons, including an ectopic pregnancy. They may also suggest the procedure as a means of
Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, are common, and women can often experience them during pregnancy. Left untreated, a UTI can pose a serious health risk to a pregnant woman and a developing fetus. This article outlines the possible causes of a UTI in pregnancy, as well as the potential risks. We also provide information on
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Some people may find it hard to tell the difference between being bloated or pregnant as they can share similar symptoms. If a person is unsure whether they are pregnant, they may wish to take a
Nabothian cysts are benign bumps on the cervix. The cysts are full of clear, light yellow, or amber mucus. People may have more than one nabothian cyst. Females may develop nabothian cysts after giving birth or after menopause. The cysts are normal and usually cause no symptoms. Nabothian cysts are not a sign of cervical
The endometrium is the lining of the uterus. It is one of the few organs in the human body that changes in size every month throughout a person’s fertile years. Each month, as part of the menstrual cycle, the body prepares the endometrium to host an embryo. Endometrial thickness increases and decreases during the process.
Female anatomy includes the external genitals, or the vulva, and the internal reproductive organs, which include the ovaries and the uterus. One major difference between males and females is their reproductive organs. Anatomy specific to females generally relates to sexual function, reproduction, and hormone control. Males and females have physically different sexual anatomy, but all
In many cases, the color of a person’s urine can indicate whether or not they are drinking enough water. Clear urine often indicates proper hydration. In some cases of clear urine, however, a person may be too hydrated or have an underlying condition that causes them to urinate more than usual. This article contains more
A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that cuts or blocks the vas deferens, the two tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra. The procedure stops sperm from getting into the semen in order to prevent pregnancy. After a vasectomy, an individual can still ejaculate and produce sperm, but the body reabsorbs the
If people are feeling nauseated, just the thought of food may make them feel worse. However, it is important to fuel the body and settle the stomach. People may feel nauseated for a variety of reasons, such as: Getting plenty of rest and drinking fluids can help manage nausea, but so can eating certain foods.
Women experience many significant physical and emotional changes during pregnancy. Third trimester weight gain is an important part of later pregnancy and is not usually a cause for concern. Many women will experience rapid weight gain during their third trimester. This is because the fetus typically gains the most weight in this time, according to
Pregnancy acne is a common condition. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause skin breakouts. By knowing how to treat acne lesions, a person can often prevent scarring and minimize their emotional distress. Acne is one of the most common skin changes that occur during pregnancy, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).
The perineum is the area between the genitals and the anus. There are many different possible causes of pain in this part of the body. Perineal pain can affect people of both sexes. In males, the perineum sits just behind the scrotum and extends to the anus. In females, the perineum begins at the front
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Many women find themselves wondering how best to sleep when pregnant. Sleep issues are common during pregnancy, especially in the third trimester, when finding a comfortable sleeping position can be challenging. Some pregnant women may also
Some women wish to lose weight after pregnancy. It is possible to achieve postpartum weight loss safely by breastfeeding, eating a healthful diet, and exercising. According to the authors of a 2019 study, weight changes during and after pregnancy can have significant ongoing health effects for many women. Postpartum weight loss may reduce the risk
Many people develop stretch marks on the inner and outer thighs. These occur when the skin stretches due to weight gain, muscle growth, or medical conditions, and they usually fade over time. Stretch marks are very common and are a normal part of life, especially during adolescence and pregnancy. They pose no health risks, and
Spotting in early pregnancy is common for many women and usually not a cause for concern. However, in some instances, it may occur as a symptom of a pregnancy complication. About a quarter of pregnant women experience bleeding during the first trimester. Although bleeding is a possible sign of early pregnancy loss, it does not
Uterus pain in early pregnancy is a common experience, and it has a range of possible causes. While most of these are not serious, some will require medical attention. During early pregnancy, the uterus is much smaller than it will be in the second and third trimesters. Therefore, pain in this part of the body
Cervical effacement refers to the shortening and thinning of the cervix. It is part of the process that helps the cervix prepare for a vaginal delivery. The cervix connects the lower portion of the uterus to the vagina. Normally, the cervix is around 2.5 centimeters (cm) and is firm and closed. In preparation for childbirth,
Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or trying to conceive need more of certain vitamins and minerals than other people, especially folic acid. Some women with very healthy and varied diets may already get enough essential nutrients through their diet. But many women take prenatal supplements to ensure they are getting a full range of vitamins